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History

The Kaziranga National Park is the only National Park in the State situated in central Assam with an area of 430sq. km. It is the home of the great Indian one horned Rhinoceros (Unicornis). The landscape of Kaziranga is of sheer forest, tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, mellow marshes and shallow pools.

Kaziranga has a history of its own. Lady Curzon first heard about the Rhinos of Kaziranga from her British tea planter friends and came to Assam in 1904-05. Although she could not see the animal, she spotted hoof prints with three toes and believed that such an animal did exist. On her return, she persuaded lord Curzon to do something to save this animal from total annihilation.

Lord Curzon set the wheels of the British bureaucracy rolling, and on June 1, 1905, a preliminary notification announcing the intention of the Government to declare 57,273.60 acres of Kaziranga as a reserved forest was issued. Finally, Kaziranga was declared as reserved forest on January 3, 1908, and was officially closed for shooting.

On January 28, 1913 the area of reserved forest was expanded with the inclusion of another 13,506 acres. Kaziranga was declared a Game Sanctuary on November10, 1916. in 1938, the then conservator of forest, A.J.W. Milroy stoppedTiger, Kaziranga National Park  all poaching and opened Kaziranga to visitors. Because the word 'game' connotated animals for hunting, in 1950, the then senior conservator of forest Mr P D Stracey, changed the term to 'wildlife sanctuary'.

Gradually the sanctuary, begun as a nucleus encompassing a small area, expanded to its present size. Finally on February 11, 1974, the name was changed to Kaziranga National Park.

The one horned Rhinoceros, Elephant, Indian bison, Swamp Deer, Samber, Hog Deer, Sloth Bear, Tiger, Leopard cat, Jungle cat, Hog badger, Capped langur, Hollock gibbon, Jackal, Goose, Hornbills, Ibis, Cormorants, Egret, Heron fishing eagle etc. all form a part of the very complex ecological balance of the park. During Winter a large number of migratory birds are also seen here.

Kaziranga Flora and Fauna

Kaziranga Flora and Fauna - BindaasTravel.com

The park contains about 15 species of India's threatened mammals. It harbours the world's largest population of Indian rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis which has increased from a few dozen in 1908 to some 1,080 in 1984 and 1,100 in 1988. Other mammals include capped langur Presbytis pileata, a small population of hoolock gibbon Hylobates hoolock, tiger Panthera tigris, leopard P. pardus, sloth bear Melursus ursinus, Indian elephant Elephas maximus, Ganges dolphin Platanista gangetica, otter Lutra lutra, wild boar Sus scrofa, water buffalo Bubalus arnee, gaur Bos gaurus, sambar Cervus unicolor, swamp deer C. duvauceli , hog deer C. porcinusand Indian muntjac Muntiacus muntjak. Population estimates are based on the 1984 census, details of which are given by Choudhury (1987). Elephants and other animals migrate with the advent of the monsoon and head southwards to the Mikir Hills and beyond to avoid the annual flooding of the national park in 1981.

Elephant Safari

Elephant Safari  - BindaasTravel.com

The vast open country makes Kaziranga National Park very accessible and wildlife viewing fairly pleasurable. Here one can leave in the early hours of the dawn for an elephant-back-ride. Authorized and trained Mahouts who guide visitors through the park train the Elephants. One could see wild Elephant herds roaming around or Indian Rhinos browse past visitors unconcernedly. Since Kaziranga wildlife Sanctuary is easily accessible, its provides a chance to see animals in the wild at such close quarters, thus making a trip to this National Park a very rewarding experience.

Birding in Kaziranga

Birding in Kaziranga - BindaasTravel.com

Kaziranga Birding Tour, Kaziranga Wildlife TourKaziranga National Park is also famous for its sizable population of exotic and rare birds. In addition to about 250 species of domestic birds, thousands of migratory birds, representing over 100 species, visit the park seasonally from as far as Siberia. Kaziranga is also home to some of the most endangered species of exotic and rare birds in India. Below is the list of birds in Kaziranga National Park

Surface

The main gate for Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, at Kohora on the NH-37, consists of a handful of cafes and a small local market. ASTC and private buses stop here on their way to and from Guwahati, Tezpur and Upper Assam. Some private buses also retain a seat quota for Kaziranga passengers.

Train

The nearest railhead is Furkating, situated 75-km away from Kaziranga National Par

Air

The nearest airport is situated at Guwahati, which is 217-km away from the park. The other airport is located at Jorhat, 96-km from Kaziranga.

Kaziranga Resort

Kaziranga Resort  - BindaasTravel.com

Kaziranga, the land of exotic flora and fauna, the place to see the rare one horn rhinos and migratory birds, is also the home to some of the finest forest resorts. Among these, the Kaziranga Resort which is a joint venture from the Gl’s Resort and Assam Tourism Development Corporation provides a ideal ambience, excellent dining and proficient facilities and services to ensure the best kind of a jungle experience for the visitors.

Bonhabi Resort

Bonhabi Resort  - BindaasTravel.com

It is an ardent desire 7 the dream of some one with a spirited mind coupled with a mission to make a home away from home for an ideal & wonderful retreat. The total strength of Bonhabi lies on those people who dedicate their service & never5 hestiate to give you assurance for a cosy & homely stay with total security.You will be pleased to find you are more at home than ever.

Aranya Resort

Aranya Resort  - BindaasTravel.com

Hotel Aranya Lodge is run by the Assam government. The hotel is spread in 7 acres of lush green area. The hotel offers clean and comfortable rooms to its visiting guests. Elephant ride is available at the Mihimukh entrance.

Address:
Hotel Aranya Lodge, P.O Kaziranga National Park,
District - Jorhat, 785612,
Assam, India.

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